Urological Tests-Explained

I have been asked to give a detailed description of each of the tests I’ve had (and some I did not) that are used in diagnosing incontinence. Below is short explanation of each of the tests that are used, to the best of my knowledge.

Abdomen Ultrasound: See if there is any physical damage to the abs. Only done with empty bladder. No water or food for 8 hours before test

Bladder Ultrasound: Done with a full bladder, then emptied to see if there is any damage, as well as urine retention. Drink 32 oz of water 1.5-2 hours before test.

Prostate Ultrasound: See if there is any problems, with prostate, too large, damage, etc. (Have not had this test)

Uroflow test: Come in with full bladder. See how much you urinate, how quickly in a given period of time. (Start to finish, no pressure)

Urodynamics: Come in with full bladder. (Seems like to test urine for infection) Then filled bladder with a cath with sterile water. Try to see if spasms occur during filling of the bladder, and when you feel urges to urinate.

Cystoscopy: See what inside of bladder looks like, looking for signs of damage, different kinds of incontinence etc. Use scope with camera to go up through urethra with camera. They use numbing
gel, but still invasive, and you might want to have painkillers on hand afterwards, as it does sting to urinate for awhile (1.5 days for me)

X-Ray of Bladder: Fill up bladder with contrast fluid, to see what bladder looks like under x-ray. (Do not
know exact purpose, seems like it might be an alternative to cystoscopy Or added, if more detail is needed (Have not had)

I’ve been told that the above is about the full array of tests for bladder issues.

I may be missing one or two, but think it’s pretty complete.

Comments, questions, and concerns are always welcome.


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